Furniture finishing products we use are come from different vendors and also different materials. But from all of those options, we basically divide them into two major categories which are solvent and water-based.
Solvent uses chemical materials both the paint or colors and thinner, while water base is using…well, water. Both of them had their benefits and disadvantage. So this is a short explanation about furniture finishing products that we use in our factory.
Furniture Finishing Products We Use
What is polyurethane? Polyurethane is a plastic-based resin and is used to manufacture anything from furniture to baby toys. Depending on the formula, it can be rigid to make patio furniture or liquid for paints and varnishes. In painting, it’s available in satin, semi-gloss, and high-gloss finishes. It can be applied to most types of plastic, fiberglass, wood, metal, and fabrics.
Why do we use Polyurethane? The most valuable feature of polyurethane paints, apart from a flawless, glossy finish, is resistance to water and chemicals, including gasoline. This makes it ideal for both indoor and outdoor applications.
It is high in solids, making it slow to dry, but creating a thick, strong, and durable film. But the downside of using Polyurethane furniture finish is that the price is the most expensive of other furniture finishing materials that we use.
We use Polyurethane finishing material if a customer wants an extremely high gloss look, other than that we rarely use this material.
Nitrocellulose or what we call it NC system used in wood finishing or wood surface coating has the advantage of easy and quick drying. Although the NC system has weaknesses, such which it will turn yellow (very low yellowing) when exposed to direct sunlight, the paint is widely used in wood surface coating interior furniture.
Further, the application of NC is very easy and produces a good coating. A good coating means having good clarity and smooth film. In NC there is a topcoat system (lacquer) that can produce a high gloss level (above 90%). that’s why this furniture finishing material is widely known for guitar finish.
Nitrocellulose prices are moderately affordable to other furniture finishing materials that we use. They still have high-quality results but are less expensive than a urethane finish. We use NC for almost all our indoor and antique reproduction furniture.
Melamine paint is thicker and stickier than the texture of most other paints and this is because it has a difficult task to accomplish, that of sticking to a smooth melamine plastic surface. Melamine is hard-wearing and way too durable for many people, but it has been known to ‘chip’ on occasion and you can force a scratch into it if you push hard.
Because it’s thick film layers. melamine materials are not recommended for antique reproduction furniture. it can “slightly’ cover up the beauty of natural wood grains. we really don’t want that over antique furniture finishes. Melamine prices are the cheapest than other furniture finishing materials that we use.
We use melamine if the customer wants a low cost and high gloss finish on their furniture.
4. Waterbase Finishing Material
These furniture finishing products are the easiest to apply, and they also had quite affordable prices. However, according to our experience, they are not “tough” enough to scratch, and in certain applications, they don’t pass the “coffee test”, the test in which you put hot coffee over the surface of the furniture to know whether it leaves a mark or no.
The beauty of water-based materials is that they can achieve really natural look, the wood will look like real wood without the artificial look of furniture coatings. This is why we use water-based finishing material on outdoor furniture products.
Those are our most used finishing materials in our production line, all of them were solvent finishing materials. We also use wax occasionally depending on our customer demands. Please have your thoughts and idea in the comment sections below. Kind regards, Indonesian furniture factory
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